Tuesday, November 4, 2014

Quiz with Chamara Sumanapala. Part 25: Football World Cup 1974-78

The 1970s saw the rise of Dutch football. After taking part in the 1938 edition, Netherlands had never been selected for a FIFA World Cup. However, in the 1970s, the Netherlands re-emerged in the World Cup, largely thanks to Total Football, where players did the role of attacking or defending as per circumstances rather than being limited to one position. This was first developed by the Dutch football club Ajax, which dominated football in the country and in European Club Football during the 1970s.

In 1974, the World Cup came to West Germany (Germany was divided as East Germany and West Germany during that time). Sixteen countries took part, with several debutants including East Germany. In the final, West Germany won the game against the powerful Dutch team.

In 1978, the World Cup returned to Latin America, when Argentina hosted the tournament. It was held under controversial circumstances as the country was under a military regime. The home side won the world cup, once again defeating The Netherlands.

The captain of The Netherlands in 1974 World Cup (Dutch National Archives)
1. Haiti made its World Cup final tournament debut in 1974 World Cup. They lost all three games including a crushing 7-0 defeat at the hands of Poland. However, in the game against Italy, Emmanuel Sanon of Haiti scored a goal, thus ending the Italian goal keeper’s run of 1142 minutes without conceding a goal in an international game. This is a record which still holds. He is ranked as the third best goal keeper in international football, behind Soviet Union’s Lev Yashin and England’s Gordon Banks. Who was this Italian goal keeper?

2. In 1974 World Cup, the only international football match between East Germany and West Germany was held. West Germany had already qualified for the next round. But the game was important due to its political nature. A group of 2000 East German fans came to West Germany especially for the game. Jürgen Sparwasser of East Germany scored the only goal of the match in the 77th minute, giving his team a memorable victory. This game forced West Germany to change its game plan, ultimately helping them to win the tournament. In which German city was this game played?

3. The cornerstone of the 1974 Dutch team was its captain. Born in 1947 to a poor family, he joined the club Ajax when he was just 10. Total Football staterd in Ajax and later was adopted by the national team. Specialized positions were virtually abolished for the outfield players, and individual players became defenders, midfielders or strikers as the situation required. The 1974 Dutch captain was perhaps the best proponent of Total Football and his team revolved around him. In a survey carried out by the International Federation of Football History and Statistics (IFFHS) in 1999, he was voted the best European player of the 20 th century. Who was he?

4. When naming the 1978 Argentine squad for the World Cup, the coach Cesar Luis Menotti refused to include a 17 year old upcoming star. Menotti reportedly said that the increased media attention at such a young age may ruin him. This youngster became a star player later. Who was he?

5. In 1978 World Cup, a 21 year old Italian won the award for the Best Young Player. Playing at left-back position, he has played 73 games for Italy scoring 9 goals. He mainly played for Juventus club in Italy. Later he turned a coach, and managed several Italian club teams. Currently he is the coach of the Italian National Women’s Football team. Who is this player?

Answers to Quiz 24: Jupiter and its Moons

1. Juno
2. Great Red Spot
3. Ganymede
4. Pioneer 10
5. Shoemaker-Levy 9

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