Tuesday, July 8, 2014

Quiz with Chamara Sumanapala. Part 05: Attack on Pearl Harbor

On December 07, 1941, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor naval base in Hawaii, bringing the United States of America in to the Second World War. The US Navy personnel in Pearl Harbor did not anticipate such an attack. Japan had not declared war beforehand, which led President Franklin D. Roosevelt to declare that December 7, 1941, will be “a date that will live in infamy.”

01. As tensions intensified in the Pacific, President Franklin D Roosevelt, also known as FDR, ordered the US Pacific Fleet to Pearl Harbor from its former base in the Western coast of the United States. Long associated with the US Navy, this city has a natural deep water harbor. Currently the eighth largest city in the USA, it is also hosts the largest military fleet in the world. From which city did the Pacific Fleet move to Pearl Harbor?

The U.S. battleship in Question 05
02. Pearl Harbor became an important place for Americans during the 19th century when the Hawaiian Kingdom fell increasingly under American influence. It was used as a “coaling and repair station” for US ships. Hawaiian Kingdom was overthrown and the islands were annexed by the United States in 1898. In which year was the naval base in Pearl Harbor established?

03. The Japanese attack force consisted of 414 planes carried by six aircraft carriers, 23 fleet submarines, 9 midget submarines and a few other ships. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto was responsible for the plan and the fleet left Japan on November 26 under the Commander of the First Air Fleet, Japan’s main aircraft carrier force. Although opposed to Yamamoto’s plan, he oversaw the attack, but was later criticized for failing to destroy the oil storage and repair facilities. He later led the Japanese Fleet in many battles including the bombing of Ceylon in April 1942. He committed suicide at the last stages of the Battle of Saipan on July 6, 1944, and was posthumously promoted as Admiral. Who was this officer?

The Japanese naval officer in Question 03
04. David Akui, a Hawaiian born US soldier, became famous for capturing the only Japanese Prisoner of War (POW) at Pearl Harbor. (The Japanese navy soldier was unconscious at that time and Akui found him).  This soldier lived in USA as a prisoner until the war ended. Returning to Japan, he worked for Toyota Company for a long period. He died in 1999, aged 81. Who was this soldier, the first Japanese POW in the Second World War?

05. America lost 2402 lives at the attack on Pearl Harbor. Almost half of them (1177) died when a missile hit the ammunition store of a battle ship, resulting in an explosion. While all the other three battle ships which sunk were salvaged, this ship was not salvaged completely. Parts of it still lie under the sea in Pearl Harbor. A war memorial named after the ship has been built in the harbor, straddling the sunken hull of the ship. What is this battle ship?

Answers to quiz 04

01. Jack
02. Abraham Lincoln
03. Solomon Islands
04. John Connally
05. Jack Ruby

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